Fine selection of freshwater pearls is awailable online. Only high quality pearls at the best prices. Every pearl is personally selected by the leading pearl expert Ksenia Podnebesnaya.
Cultured freshwater pearls (Cultured Freshwater Pearls) - this blister has been widely circulated in China since the 13th century. So today, when we are talking about freshwater pearls, what is meant is the Chinese freshwater cultured pearls.
The process of cultivation, which is used by Chinese manufacturers with the pearl blisters(hemisphere) today, surprisingly repeats the methods described more than 700 years ago.
For the cultivation of the most commonly used bivalve mussels Hyriopsis cumingi and Hyriopsis schlegeli (ike-cho-gai – PL.). Over 15 years of life, this type of clam can reach 30 cm in length and about 20 cm wide.
Since 1970 in the international market for the first time appeared fine Chinese freshwater pearls in the form of rice.
Today, the volume produced by China pearl 10 times the total volume of cultured pearls of all other countries of the world.
Most of the production of cultured pearls in China is concentrated in the range of 480 km from Shanghai. The most famous lake Taihu (Tai), there is more than 7 centuries ago began the cultivation of freshwater pearls, which is today.
Over the past 30 years, Chinese manufacturers have significantly improved the quality of pearls, shifting the emphasis from quantity to quality. The standard of the highest quality freshwater pearls in our days remains pearls from lake Biwa (Biwa) in Japan, where the production of pearls with seed mantle tissue began in the 30-ies of the last century. Diameter of freshwater pearls reach 13 mm, the pearls of this size are extremely rare.
In contrast to the technology of cultivation of saltwater pearls, which is implanted tissue piece together with the kernel-the germ, in the process of culturing freshwater pearls is used only tissue fragments.
One freshwater mussel hooked to 50 tissue of the seed that gives about 40 pearls in one cycle.
In recent years, to improve the quality of the pearls, Chinese farmers began to reduce the number of primers.
The average growth period for freshwater pearls from 2 to 6 years.
It is important to note that the shell of the Tahiti and South seas pearls take only one seed and give birth to only one gem for one successful cycle of cultivation. This is one of the most important factors which explains the large cost difference between saltwater and freshwater pearls. Today the volume of production of freshwater pearls in China is truly industrial and market are much higher than saltwater pearls.
Because the majority of freshwater cultured pearls is seeded with the fragments of the mantle, they are rarely round. Only 2% of "charged" mantle tissue of freshwater pearls in the end have spherical or almost spherical shape.
Cultured freshwater pearls are tissue type of the embryo consists almost entirely of Nakra.
At the end of 1980-ies years appeared on the market of freshwater pearls with a lovely luster, in the process of cultivation which used round beads-embryos. The main colors of this kind of pearls is white, cream, orange, purple and pink.
Unlike saltwater pearls, most Chinese freshwater pearls exposed to staining chemicals or radiation to change or improve the color of the pearls. These types of treatment is unstable, and over time, the color of the pearls may vary.
With regard to white freshwater pearls, it usually lacks a strong Shine. Chinese manufacturers often cover it with a thin layer of colorless nail Polish to enhance the Shine. This type of refinement is extremely fragile, and already at the first wear of the product with this pearl varnish begins flaking and peeling.
Our company provides freshwater pearls only natural colors and high quality jewellery, each of which is selected manually by the gemologist of the company.